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The Vice-Chancellor the University of Ilorin (UNILORIN), Prof. Abdul-Ganiyu Ambali, has announced that for the first time in history, a Nigerian university was ranked 20th in Africa and 1,842nd in the world.“
I am happy to restate that a remarkable thing happened to the Nigerian university system this year, courtesy of UNILORIN.
“For the first time since ranking began, a Nigerian university was ranked among the best 2,000 universities in the world”, he said.
The professor of veterinary medicine, who spoke with reporters in Ilorin, the Kwara State capital, on the institution’s 30th convocation lecture, said the latest ranking of international colleges and universities placed the university first in Nigeria, 20th in Africa and the 1,842nd in the world.
Continuing he said, “Though we are not satisfied to occupy the position we are on the global stage until we are ranked within the best 200, the achievement of the university will be underscored when it is realised that 11,307 colleges and universities are sampled in the ranking in 200 countries.
“The United States alone, not to talk of other advanced countries, has much more that 3,000 universities.
“The modest work being done at the university has made it the darling of admission applicants in Nigeria; the university was the eighth most preferred in 2011 and fifth most preferred in 2012.
“Last year, we became the 2nd most preferred university in Nigeria and this year we became the number one choice of applicants with over 105,000 applicants, the second most preferred university having 74,000 applicants.”
On his achievements, Ambali disclosed that: “We have embarked on 10,000 hectares of oil palm plantation. We all know that the Malaysian economy relies much on oil palm and there is a report that they took the seed from Nigeria a few decades ago.
“However, our country imports about 500,000 metric tonnes of palm oil annually while Malaysia exported about 24 trillion metric tonnes of palm oil in 2012 to the United States, the European Union, China and India.
“The export earned the country some 20 billion pound sterling (about N5.314 trillion).”
The VC put the number of graduating students at 6,328, with 5,438 getting first degrees and 890 higher degrees/diploma.
He said: “In the first degree category, 48 made first class; 1,290 second class upper; 2,814 second class lower; 1,067 third class; 84 pass; 18 diplomas and 217 MBBS.”
Caleb University, Imota, Lagos, has been shut down following students’ protest yesterday which saw school properties, including four cars destroyed. The protest allegedly began after an official of the school tried to stop a Muslim student from praying in the school, which is a Christian school.
The School’s VC Prof. Ayo Olukoju announced today that the school will be shut down temporarily but will re-open on June 2nd. Speaking to Punch about the decision, Prof Olukoju said;
“We have rules and regulations in the school and all the students agreed to abide by them. These rules are in the student handout. Before now, we have been applying appropriate sanctions against students who default in any of these rules. We wanted to enforce one of such sanctions on Wednesday before this crisis escalated. Please, the crisis has nothing to do with religion. It has nothing to do with being a Christian or a Muslim. People, especially female students even went to their worship centres on campus on Wednesday to pray after the incident. Again, I tell you this action was carried out by the male students alone.”
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Posted from WordPress for BlackBerry.
Sometimes, the way alternative medicine hawkers trivialise issues relating to sexually-transmitted infections/diseases is astounding.
For one, they dwell more on obscene description of sexuality; while they also call STIs the diseases of the socially active persons.
Well, whether this latter aspect is true or not, the undeniable fact is that STDs are dangerous infections that can wreak systematic havoc on the body, internally and externally; and, in extreme cases, they can result in agonising death.
Epidemiologists say there are more than 20 STDs, including crabs, scabies, genital warts, syphilis, AIDS, Chlamydia, Herpes, among others.
Researchers say every year, millions of STDs are passed from person to person, primarily through sexual contact, though some infections are also transmitted non-sexually.
They note that because the infections are sexually-transmitted, people don’t like to talk about them and therefore leave them untreated.
“Sometimes, the infections will go away; but usually, an untreated STD will return and the infected person will suffer grave consequences as a result,” epidemiologist, Mr. Segilola Araoye, warns.
Doctors also warn that STDs are dangerous for a pregnant woman and her unborn baby.
Family physician, Dr. Damilare Okikiolu, notes that a pregnant woman with an STD can infect her baby before, during, or after delivery.
“She may also go into early labour or suffer early rupture of the membranes surrounding the baby in the uterus.”
Worse still, doctors say, the complications of STIs in pregnant women can result in cervical cancer and other cancers for the mother. As for the unborn baby, he may suffer chronic hepatitis, neonatal sepsis (infection in the blood), damage to the brain, blindness, deafness, acute hepatitis, meningitis, and chronic liver disease.
Okikiolu laments that some of the effects of birth-related sexually-transmitted diseases may not be detected for months or sometimes, even years.
Physicians warn that there are no vaccines for the prevention of some of these STDs and that even after a patient must have been treated for any of them, he or she could still get a new infection if they don’t adhere to strict sexual health practices.
Okikiolu advises sexually active people who have more than one partner or those who engage in risky sexual behaviours to regularly screen for STIs.
While we may not be able to mention all the STDs in the books, a brief examination of some of them would do. So, here we go…
Okikiolu says typically, most people who have Chlamydia don’t know they do because the bacterial infection often has no symptoms, though it’s one of the most reported STDs.
He warns, “Chlamydia is easy to cure, but if left untreated, it can affect a woman’s ability to conceive; just as it can affect the genitals, rectum, eyes and eyelids.
“Indeed, about 10-15 per cent of women with Chlamydia will develop pelvic inflammatory disease, which affects the upper genital tract. This may cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissues, and can lead to infertility. It may also lead to ectopic pregnancy. In men, Chlamydia infection can spread to the testes, and can result in sterility,” the doctor warns.
The signs and symptoms of Chlamydia, Okikiolu says, usually include painful urination, lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge in women, discharge from the penis in men, pain during sexual intercourse in women, and testicular pain in men.”
He warns that any sexually frivolous person can get Chlamydia, “but female teens are more likely to be infected because of immature cervix.”
This STI, also called Trich, presents no symptom, physicians say; and is one of the most common causes of vaginitis – an irritation of the vulva or vagina. It takes between three and 28 days for symptoms to appear, if ever they do. Consequently, victims – especially men – don’t know they have it until they start having discharge from the urethra, or when they feel the urge to urinate frequently – often with pain and burning.
Okikiolu notes that when women have Trich symptoms, they may have frothy, often unpleasant-smelling vaginal discharge, blood spotting in the discharge, itching in and around the vagina, and swelling in the groin.
This STD is one of the most versatile, as it presents in four stages -primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary – when left untreated.
Okikiolu explains that, “The primary stage classically presents with firm, painless, non-itchy skin ulceration (chancre); secondary stage comes with a diffuse rash which frequently involves the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Latent syphilis presents little or no symptoms, but by the time it graduates to tertiary stage, you can have a soft, non-cancerous growth (gummas, commonly found in the liver, brain, heart, skin, bone, testis, and other tissues). These can lead to a variety of potential problems, including neurological disorders or heart valve disease.”
Signs and symptoms of syphilis include a firm, round, small, and painless sore on the genitals, anus, or mouth; or a rash on the body, especially on the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet, researchers say.
This STD is also called pubic lice, which physicians describe as “small parasites that feed on human blood and usually found on the pubic hair.” They can also be found on other parts of the body where a person has coarse hair, such as armpits, eyelashes, and facial hair. Crabs rarely infest head hair, scientists say.
“The most noticeable symptom of crabs is itching in the pubic area, which usually starts about five days after infection,” Okikiolu says.
Doctors warn that crabs are also transmitted non-sexually when one sleeps in an infested bed or uses infested towel, wears infested cloth or uses an infested toilet seat.
While all the aforementioned STDs are treatable, not so herpes. Doctors say “there is no cure for this infection, though treatment can reduce symptoms and decrease the risk of transmission to another person.”
Okikiolu says herpes presents no symptoms or have very mild symptoms that go unnoticed or are mistaken for another skin condition.
The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention warns that when symptoms do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals, rectum or mouth. “The blisters break and leave painful sores that may take two to four weeks to heal. The first time someone has an outbreak, they may also experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, body aches and swollen glands.”
As deadly as herpes is, scientists say, the infection can remain in the body indefinitely; and if a person with genital herpes touches his/her sores, he may transfer the infection to another part of the body, including the eyes.
Again, physicians warn, “The genital sores caused by herpes can bleed easily. When the sores come into contact with the mouth, vagina, or rectum during sex, they increase the risk of HIV transmission if either partner is HIV-infected.”
Genital HPV infection
Okikiolu says there are more than 40 types of Human Papilloma Virus that not only infect the male and female genitals, but can also infect the mouth and throat. Also incurable, as HPV lingers in the body, it can cause serious health problems such as genital warts and certain cancers, physicians warn.
Experts say though in about 90 per cent of the cases, HPV infections go away by themselves within two years, sometimes, they may persist and cause a variety of serious health problems such as genital warts, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis – a rare condition in which warts grow in the throat; cervical cancer, cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis, or anus; and a type of head/neck cancer called oropharyngeal cancer (cancer in the back of throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).
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